Life-history traits of Balsas Splitfin Ilyodon whitei (Cyprinodontiformes: Goodeidae) Mexican endemic fish species


Abstract views: 169 / PDF downloads: 107

Authors

  • Patricia Trujillo-Jiménez Departamento de Hidrobiología, Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos, 62209, Cuernavaca, Morelos, México https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3777-2293
  • Kenia Kiryataim Bonilla-Román Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos, 62209, Cuernavaca, Morelos, México https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3777-2293
  • Rubén Castro-Franco Departamento de Biología Animal, Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos, 62209, Cuernavaca, Morelos, México https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7052-7391
  • María Guadalupe María Guadalupe Departamento de Biología Animal, Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos, 62209, Cuernavaca, Morelos, México https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1295-4480

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.8332803

Keywords:

Amacuzac River, Breeding habitat, Fertility, Somatic indices, Least concern

Abstract

Ilyodon whitei, a small fish endemic to the Balsas River Basin, and even though it has been declared as Least Concern by the International Union for Conservation of Nature populations are severly fragmented and decreasing in many places. Despite the above, very little is known about the biological characteristics of this species. The aim of this study was to describe the population and reproductive structure of Ilyodon whitei in the Amacuzac River, Morelos, Mexico. To do this, we analyzed 1493 specimens from the Ichthyological Collection of the Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas, Universidad Estatal de Morelos, corresponding to five collection sites over one annual cycle. We evaluated size structure, sex ratio, length-weight relationship, gonadal maturity stage, size at first maturity, fertility, morphological indexes related to reproduction, and reproductive habitat. A spatial and seasonal pattern was observed in the size-class frequency distribution. The overall sex ratio was 1.2:1 (Females:Males). The results of the analysis of the length-weight relationship in both sexes by sites and seasons showed different types of growths. There was a spatial and seasonal pattern in the stages of gonadal development in both sexes. The length at maturity was 51.54 mm (females) and 48.12 mm (males). Fertility ranged between 9 and 42 embryos per female, averaging 18. Anthropogenic activities that have modified the Amacuzac River have caused the current population sizes of Ilyodon whitei to be very low. Since, as reported in the literature, goodeid species have a low tolerance to pollution and cannot reproduce successfully in disturbed waters, notwithstanding the foregoing, in Morelos there are no underlying specific conservation actions to maintain this species and the biodiversity of the Amacuzac River. There are no data available on aspects of reproduction of this species, so this study provides information for the first time, therefore, important information is provided that will allow carrying out strategies for the management and conservation of Ilyodon whitei.

References

Bonilla, R. K. K. (2022). Evaluación del efecto del cambio del uso del suelo en la ictiofauna del río Amacuzac. Master Thesis, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos, México.

CONABIO y UAEM. 2004. La Diversidad Biológica en Morelos: Estudio del Estado. Contreras-MacBeath, T., J.C. Boyás, F. Jaramillo (editores). Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad y Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos. México.

Contreras-MacBeath T. (1995). Ecosistemas acuáticos del Estado de Morelos: con énfasis en los peces. Ciencia y Desarrollo, XXI(122):42-51.

Cordero-Martínez, G., Mercado-Silva, N., García-de-Jesús, S., Arce, E., Ramírez-Ponce, H., & Mejía-Mojica, H. (2022). Diversidad específica y taxonómica de la ictiofauna del Río Amacuzac, Morelos, México. Revista de Biología Tropical, 70(1):290-306. http://doi.org/10.15517/rev.biol.trop..v70i1.48830

Cruz-Gómez, A., Rodríguez-Valera, A., & Vásquez-López, H. (2010). Madurez sexual y reproducción de Girardinichthys multiradiatus (Meek 1904) en un embalse del poblado de San Martín, Querétaro, México. Biocyt, 3:94-106.

Díaz-Pardo, E., & Ortiz-Jiménez, D. (1986). Reproducción y ontogenia de Girardinichthys viviparus (Pisces: Goodeidae). Annales de la Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biológicas, 30:45-66.

Domínguez-Domínguez, O., & Pérez Ponce de León, G. (2007). Los goodeidos, peces endémicos del centro de México. Biodiversitas, 75:12-15.

Duncan, J. R., & Lockwood, J. L. (2001). Extinction in a field of bullets: a search for causes in the decline of the world’s freshwater fishes. Biological Conservation, 102:97-105. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0006-3207(01)00077-5

Froese, R. (2006). Cube law, condition factor and weight-length relationships: history, meta-analysis and recommendations. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 22:241-253. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0426.2006.00805.x

International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). (2020). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Available from: http://www.iucnredlist.org/

Koeck, M. (2019). Ilyodon whitei. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2019-2.RLTS.T132521900A498826.en. Accessed on 22 May 2023

Lyons, T. J., Máiz-Tomé, L., Tognelli, M., Daniels, A., Meredith, C., Bullock, R. and Harrison, I. (eds.), Contreras-MacBeath, T., Hendrickson, D.A., Arroyave, J., Mercado Silva, N., Köck, M., Domínguez Domínguez, O., Valdés González, A., Espinosa Pérez, H., Gómez Balandra, M.A., Matamoros, W., Schmitter-Soto, J.J., Soto-Galera, E., Rivas González, J.M., Vega-Cendejas, M.E., Ornelas-García, C.P., Norris, S. and Mejía Guerrero, H.O. (2020). The status and distribution of freshwater fishes in Mexico. Cambridge, UK and Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA: IUCN and ABQ BioPark.

Macías-García, C., & Saborio, E. (2004). Sperm competition in a viviparous fish. Environmental Biology of Fish, 70:211-217. https://doi.org/10.1023/B:EBFI.0000033335.58813.fc

McPherson, L. R., Slotte, A., Kvamme, C., Meier, S., & Marshall, C. T. (2011). Inconsistencies in measurement of fish condition: a comparison of four indices of fat reserves for Atlantic herring (Clupea harengus). ICES Journal of Marine Science, 68:52-60. https://doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/fsq148

Mendoza, G. (1962). The reproductive cycles of three viviparous teleosts Alloophorus robustus, Goodea luitpoldi and Neoophorus diazi. Biology Bulletin, 123:351-365. https://doi.org/10.2307/1539280

Mejía-Mojica, H., Rodríguez-Romero, F. J., & Díaz-Pardo, E. (2012). Recurrencia histórica de peces invasores en la Reserva de la Biósfera Sierra de Huautla, México. Revista de Biología Tropical, 60(2):669-681.

Miller, R. R., Mincley, W. L., & Norris, S. M. (2005). Freshwater fishes of Mexico. University of Chicago Press, Illinois.

Moncayo-Estrada, R. (2012). Análisis histórico de la biología de la cherehuita (Hubbsina turneri) (Pisces:Goodeidae), especie endémica y en peligro de extinción de México. Revista Chapingo Serie Ciencias Forestales y del Ambiente, 18:101-110. https://doi.org/10.5154/r.rchscfa.2011.02.020

Navarrete-Salgado, N. A., Cedillo-Díaz, B. E., Contreras-Rivero, G., & Elías-Fernández, G. (2007). Crecimiento, reproducción y supervivencia de Girardinichthys multiradiatus (Pisces, Goodeidae) en el embalse San Miguel Arco, Estado de México. Revista Chapingo Serie Ciencias Forestales y del Ambiente, 13:15-21.

Pita, A. M. E. (2019). Evaluación del estrés oxidativo y actividad de la acetilcolinesterasa en Astyanax mexicanus (Characidae) y Notropis boucardi (Cyprinidae) en el río Amacuzac, Morelos. Master Thesis, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, México.

Ramírez-García, A., Piller, R. K., Ramírez-Herrejón, J. P., Medina-Nava, M., Hernández-Morales, S. R., & Domínguez-Domínguez, O. (2020). Reproductive biology of three native livebearer fish species (Actinopterygii: Cyprinodontiformes: Goodeidae) in the Teuchitlán River, Mexico. Acta Ichthyologica et Piscatoria, 50(1):1-12. http://doi.org/ 10.3750/AIEP/02513

Ramírez-García, A., Moncayo-Estrada, R., González-Cardenas, J. J., & Domínguez-Domínguez, O. (2021). Reproductive cycle of native viviparous fish species (Actinopterygii: Cyprinodontiformes: Goodeidae) in a subtropical Mexican lake. Neotropical Icththyology, 19(4):e210105. https://doi.org/10.1590/1982-0224-2021-0105

Ramírez-Herrejón, J. P., Medina-Nava, M., Salazar-Tinoco, C. I., & Zubieta, T. L. E. (2007). Algunos aspectos reproductivos de Zoogoneticus quitzeoensis Hubbs y Turner (1939) (Osteichtyes: Goodeidae) en la represa La Mintzita Morelia, Michoacán, México. Biológicas, 9:63-71.

Samat, A., Shukor, M. N., Mazlan, A. G., Arshad, A., & Fatimah, M. Y. (2008). Length–weight relationship and condition factor of Pterygoplichthys pardalis (Pisces: Loricariidae) in Malaysia Peninsula. Research Journal of Fisheries and Hydrobiology, 3:48–53.

Santos, R. S., Hawkinis, S. J., & Nash, R. D. (1996). Reproductive phenology of the Azorean rock pool blenny a fish alternative mating tactics. Journal of Fish Biology, 3:48-53. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8649.1996.tb01480.x

Schoenherr, A. A. (1977). Density dependent and density independent regulation of reproduction in the Gila topminnow, Poeciliopsis occidentalis (Baird and Girard). Ecology, 58(2):438-444. https://doi.org/10.2307/1935619

Soto-Galera, E., Díaz-Pardo, E., & Guerra-Magaña, C. (1990). Peces dulceacuícolas Mexicanos III. Allophorus robustus (Cyprinodontiformes: Goodeidae). Zoología Informa, 19-20:21-29

Soto-Galera, E., & Paulo-Maya, J. (1995). Peces Dulceacuícolas Mexicanos XI: Allotoca dugesi (Cyprinodontiformes: Goodeidae Zoología Informa, 31:5-15.

Soto-Galera, E., Paulo-Maya, J., López-López, E., Serna-Hernández, J. A., & Lyon, J. (1999). Change in Fish Fauna as indication of Aquatic ecosystem condition in Río Grande de Morelia–Lago de Cuitzeo Basin, Mexico. Environmental Management, 24:133–140. http://doi: 10.1007/s002679900221

Trujillo-Jiménez, P., & Díaz-Pardo, E. (1996). Espectro trófico de Ilyodon whitei (Pisces:Goodeidae) en el río del Muerto, Morelos, México. Revista de Biología Tropical, 44:795-801.

Trujillo-Jiménez, P., López-López, E., Díaz-Pardo, E., & Camargo, B. J. (2010). Patterns in the distribution of fish assemblages in Río Amacuzac, Mexico: influence of abiotic factors and biotic factors. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 20:457–469. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11160-009-9153-y

Uribe, A. M. C., De la Rosa, C. G., García, A. A., Guerrero-Estévez, S. M., & Aguilar, M. M. (2006). Características de los estadios de atresia de los folículos ováricos en dos especies de teleósteos vivíparos: Ilyodon withei (Meek 1904) y Goodea atripinnis (Jordan 1880) (Goodeidae). Hidrobiológica, 6(1):67-73.

Uribe, A. M. C., De la Rosa, C. G., & García-Alarcón, A. (2014). Branchial placenta in the viviparous teleost Ilyodon whitei (Goodeidae). Journal of Morphology, 275:1406–1417. http://doi.org/10.1002/jmor.20315

Vitule, J. R. S., Braga, M. R., & Rocha, A. J. M. (2008). Population structure and reproduction of Deuterodon langei Travassos, 1957 (Teleostei, Characidae) in a Neotropical stream basin from the Atlantic Forest, Southern Brazil. Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology, 51:1187-198. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1516-89132008000600014

Winemiller, K. O., & Rose, K. A. (1992). Patterns of life history diversification in North American fishes: implications for population regulation. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 49:2196-2218. https://doi.org/10.1139/f92-242

Wootton, R., & Smith, C. (2014). Reproductive Biology of Teleost Fishes. John Wiley & Sons.

Zúñiga-Vega, J. J., Aspbury, A. S., Johnson, J. B., & Pollux, B. J. A. (2022). Editorial: Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior of Viviparous Fishes. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 10.Article832216. https://doi.org/10.3389/fevo.2022.832216

Downloads

Published

2023-09-11

How to Cite

Trujillo-Jiménez, P., Bonilla-Román, K. K., Castro-Franco, R., & María Guadalupe, M. G. (2023). Life-history traits of Balsas Splitfin Ilyodon whitei (Cyprinodontiformes: Goodeidae) Mexican endemic fish species. Hydrobiological Research, 1(1), 10–27. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.8332803

Issue

Section

Research Articles