Aquatic Biotechnology Sustainability and Innovative Solutions

Abstract views: 149 / PDF downloads: 57


  • Mehmet Reşit Taysı Bingöl University, Faculty of Agriculture, 12100-Bingöl, Türkiye
  • Muammer KIRICI Bingöl University, Food Agriculture and Livestock Vocational School, Department of Veterinary Health, 12100-Bingöl, Türkiye



Aquaculture, Aquatic organisms, Biotechnology, Aquatic ecosystems


Aquatic biotechnology plays a pivotal role in addressing the pressing sustainability challenges facing our planet's aquatic ecosystems. This abstract explores innovative solutions and their potential to enhance sustainability in this critical field. In recent years, aquatic environments have faced unprecedented threats, including pollution, overfishing, habitat degradation, and climate change. These challenges have spurred the development of novel biotechnological approaches aimed at conserving aquatic biodiversity and promoting sustainable resource management. One of the key areas of innovation in aquatic biotechnology is the development of aquaculture techniques that reduce environmental impacts while increasing food production. Sustainable aquaculture practices involve the use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) to enhance disease resistance, improve feed efficiency, and reduce the environmental footprint of fish farming. Additionally, biotechnology plays a crucial role in restoring damaged aquatic ecosystems through techniques such as bioremediation and habitat restoration. Furthermore, advancements in genetic research and molecular biology have enabled scientists to better understand aquatic organisms' physiology, behavior, and adaptation mechanisms. This knowledge is instrumental in developing strategies to mitigate the effects of climate change on aquatic ecosystems, such as breeding programs for heat-tolerant and disease-resistant species. In conclusion, aquatic biotechnology offers promising and sustainable solutions to address the complex challenges facing our aquatic environments. By harnessing the power of innovation in this field, we can promote the conservation of biodiversity, responsible resource management, and the long-term health of our planet's aquatic ecosystems.


Akbarzadeh, A., Günther, O. P., Houde, A. L., Li, S., Ming, T. J., Jeffries, K. M., Hinch, S. G., & Miller, K. M. (2018). Developing specific molecular biomarkers for thermal stress in salmonids. BMC Genomics, 19, 1-28.

Barat, A., Ali, S., Sati, J., & Sivaraman, G. K. (2012). Phylogenetic analysis of fishes of the subfamily Schizothoracinae (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) from Indian Himalayas using cytochrome b gene. Indian Journal of Fisheries, 59(1), 43-47.

Bartkowski, B., Theesfeld, I., Pirscher, F., & Timaeus, J. (2018). Snipping around for food: economic, ethical and policy implications of CRISPR/Cas genome editing. Geoforum, 96, 172-180.

Behera, B. K., Baisvar, V. S., Kunal, S. P., Meena, D. K., Panda, D., Pakrashi, S., Paria, P., Das, P., Bhakta, D., Debnath, D., Roy, S., Suresh, V. R., & Jena, J. K. (2018). Population structure and genetic diversity of Indian Major Carp, Labeo rohita (Hamilton, 1822) from three phylo-geographically isolated riverine ecosystems of India as revealed by mtDNA cytochrome b region sequences. Mitochondrial DNA Part A, 29(2), 199-205.

Bujnicki, J., Dykstra, P., & Wegener, H. (2017). New techniques in agricultural biotechnology. Publications Office of the European Union: Luxembourg.

Chowdhury, U. R., Samant, R. S., Fodstad, O., & Shevde, L. A. (2009). Emerging role of nuclear protein 1 (NUPR1) in cancer biology. Cancer and Metastasis Reviews, 28, 225-232.

Cook, P. W., & Nightingale, K. K. (2018). Use of omics methods for the advancement of food quality and food safety. Animal Frontiers, 8(4), 33-41.

da Silva, A. D., Paschoalino, W. J., Neto, R. C., & Kubota, L. T. (2022). Electrochemical point-of-care devices for monitoring waterborne pathogens: Protozoa, bacteria, and viruses–An overview. Case Studies in Chemical and Environmental Engineering, 5, 100182.

Del Mondo, G., Peng, P., Gensel, J., Claramunt, C., & Lu, F. (2021). Leveraging spatio-temporal graphs and knowledge graphs: Perspectives in the field of maritime transportation. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information, 10(8), 541.

den Besten, H. M., Amézquita, A., Bover-Cid, S., Dagnas, S., Ellouze, M., Guillou, S., Nychas, G., O'Mahony, C., Pérez-Rodriguez, F., & Membré, J. M. (2018). Next generation of microbiological risk assessment: Potential of omics data for exposure assessment. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 287, 18-27.

Elnifro, E. M., Ashshi, A. M., Cooper, R. J., & Klapper, P. E. (2000). Multiplex PCR: optimization and application in diagnostic virology. Clinical Microbiology Reviews, 13(4), 559-570.

Ferri, E., Galimberti, A., Casiraghi, M., Airoldi, C., Ciaramelli, C., Palmioli, A., Mezzasalma, V., Bruni, I., & Labra, M. (2015). Towards a universal approach based on omics technologies for the quality control of food. BioMed research international, 365794.

Frid, C. L., & Caswell, B. A. (2017). Marine pollution. Oxford University Press.

Glare, T. R. (2000). BaciLLus thuring iensis. Biology, ecology and safety.

Gleeson, D., Furlan, E., Vourey, E., Bunce, M., Stat, M., Allain, V., & Nicol, S. (2015). Application of molecular technologies to monitor the ecosystem of the WCPO. WCPFC-SC11-2015/EB IP-04

Gong, J., Zhao, R., Deng, J., Zhao, Y., Zuo, J., Huang, L., & Jing, M. (2018). Genetic diversity and population structure of penis fish (Urechis unicinctus) based on mitochondrial and nuclear gene markers. Mitochondrial DNA Part A, 29(8), 1261-1268.

Gratacap, R. L., Wargelius, A., Edvardsen, R. B., & Houston, R. D. (2019). Potential of Genome Editing to Improve Aquaculture Breeding and Production. Trends in Genetics, 35(9), 672-684.

Groner, M. L., Maynard, J., Breyta, R., Carnegie, R. B., Dobson, A., Friedman, C. S., Froelich, B., Garren, M., Gulland, F. M., & Heron, S. F. (2016). Managing marine disease emergencies in an era of rapid change. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 371(1689), 20150364.

Hamidi, T., Algül, H., Cano, C. E., Sandi, M. J., Molejon, M. I., Riemann, M., Calvo, E. L., Lomberk, G., Dagorn, J.-C., & Weih, F. (2012). Nuclear protein 1 promotes pancreatic cancer development and protects cells from stress by inhibiting apoptosis. The Journal of clinical investigation, 122(6), 2092-2103.

Han, H. S., Nam, B. H., Kang, J. H., Kim, Y. K., Jee, Y. J., Hur, Y. B., & Yoon, M. (2012). Genetic variation in wild and cultured populations of the sea squirt Halocynthia roretzi inferred from microsatellite DNA analysis. Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 15(2), 151-155.

Herring, R., & Paarlberg, R. (2016). The political economy of biotechnology. Annual Review of Resource Economics, 8, 397-416.

Hori, T. S., Gamperl, A. K., Afonso, L. O., Johnson, S. C., Hubert, S., Kimball, J., Bowman, S., & Rise, M. L. (2010). Heat-shock responsive genes identified and validated in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) liver, head kidney and skeletal muscle using genomic techniques. BMC Genomics, 11(1), 1-22.

Islam, M. R., Rahman, M. S., Verma, P., & Yamada, M. (2007). Strain Issues on Crystal Growth of Bulk InGaAs from GaAs Seed. 2007 IEEE 19th International Conference on Indium Phosphide & Related Materials, 14-18 May 2007.

Islam, S. I., Mou, M. J., Sanjida, S., & Mahfuj, S. (2023). A review on molecular detection techniques of white spot syndrome virus: Perspectives of problems and solutions in shrimp farming. Veterinary Medicine and Science, 9(2), 778-801.

Izah, S. C., Chakrabarty, N., & Srivastav, A. L. (2016). A review on heavy metal concentration in potable water sources in Nigeria: human health effects and mitigating measures. Exposure and Health, 8, 285-304.

James, C. (2007). Global status of commercialized biotech/GM crops, 2007 (Vol. 37). ISAAA Ithaca, NY.

Kamran, M., Yaqub, A., Malkani, N., Anjum, K. M., Awan, M. N., & Paknejad, H. (2020). Identification and phylogenetic analysis of Channa species from riverine system of Pakistan using COI gene as a DNA barcoding marker. Journal of Bioresource Management, 7(2), 10.

Kralik, P., & Ricchi, M. (2017). A basic guide to real time PCR in microbial diagnostics: definitions, parameters, and everything. Frontiers in Microbiology, 8, 108.

Kushwaha, B., Pandey, M., Das, P., Joshi, C. G., Nagpure, N. S., Kumar, R., Kumar, D., Agarwal, S., Srivastava, S., & Singh, M. (2021). The genome of walking catfish Clarias magur (Hamilton, 1822) unveils the genetic basis that may have facilitated the development of environmental and terrestrial adaptation systems in air-breathing catfishes. DNA Research, 28(1), dsaa031.

Malkani, N., Khalid, S., Ashraf, S., Kamran, M., Khan, R. U., & Yaqub, A. (2022). Molecular identification of museum preserved type specimens of fish species using DNA barcoding. Lahore Garrison University Journal of Life Sciences, 6(03), 200-215.

Małyska, A., Bolla, R., & Twardowski, T. (2018). Communicating biotech advances: fiction versus reality. Trends in Biotechnology, 36(2), 121-123.

Mohr, P. G., Crane, M. S. J., Hoad, J., Williams, L. M., Cummins, D., Neave, M. J., Shiell, B., Beddome, G., Michalski, W. P., & Peck, G. R. (2020). Pilchard orthomyxovirus (POMV). I. Characterisation of an emerging virus isolated from pilchards Sardinops sagax and Atlantic salmon Salmo salar. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 139, 35-50.

Mohsin, M., Yongtong, M., Hussain, K., Mahmood, A., Zhaoqun, S., Nazir, K., & Wei, W. (2015). Contribution of fish production and trade to the economy of Pakistan. International Journal of Marine Science, 5(18), 1-7.

Parrott, W. (2008). Study of Bt impact on caddisflies overstates its conclusions: Response to Rosi-Marshall et al. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 105(7), E10.

Pepin, P. (1991). Effect of temperature and size on development, mortality, and survival rates of the pelagic early life history stages of marine fish. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 48(3), 503-518.

Ponzoni, R. W., Nguyen, N. H., & Khaw, H. L. (2007). Investment appraisal of genetic improvement programs in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Aquaculture, 269(1-4), 187-199.

Pramuk, J. B., Grose, M. J., Clarke, A. L., Greenbaum, E., Bonaccorso, E., Guayasamin, J. M., Smith-Pardo, A. H., Benz, B. W., Harris, B. R., Siegfreid, E., Reid, Y. R., Holcroft-Benson, N., & Wiley, E. O. (2007). Phylogeny of finescale shiners of the genus Lythrurus (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) inferred from four mitochondrial genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 42(2), 287-297.

Rosi-Marshall, E. J., Tank, J. L., Royer, T. V., Whiles, M. R., Evans-White, M., Chambers, C., Griffiths, N. A., Pokelsek, J., & Stephen, M. L. (2007). Toxins in transgenic crop byproducts may affect headwater stream ecosystems. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 104(41), 16204-16208.

Samsing, F., Hoad, J., Mohr, P., Dearnley, M., & Wynne, J. (2019). Comparative transcriptome analysis of pilchard orthomyxovirus (POMV) and infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV). Fish & Shellfish Immunology, 91, 464.

Sandersfeld, T., Mark, F. C., & Knust, R. (2017). Temperature-dependent metabolism in Antarctic fish: do habitat temperature conditions affect thermal tolerance ranges?. Polar Biology, 40, 141-149.

Tank, J. L., Rosi-Marshall, E. J., Royer, T. V., Whiles, M. R., Griffiths, N. A., Frauendorf, T. C., & Treering, D. J. (2010). Occurrence of maize detritus and a transgenic insecticidal protein (Cry1Ab) within the stream network of an agricultural landscape. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 107(41), 17645-17650.

Tarfeen, N., Nisa, K. U., Hamid, B., Bashir, Z., Yatoo, A. M., Dar, M. A., Mohiddin, F. A., Amin, Z., Ahmad, R. a. A., & Sayyed, R. (2022). Microbial remediation: A promising tool for reclamation of contaminated sites with special emphasis on heavy metal and pesticide pollution: A review. Processes, 10(7), 1358.

Terry, S. C., Jerman, J. H., & Angell, J. B. (1979). A gas chromatographic air analyzer fabricated on a silicon wafer. IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, 26(12), 1880-1886.

Tort, L., & Teles, M. (2012). Genomic responses to stress challenges in fish. M. Saroglia, M., & Liu, Z. (Eds.), Functional Genomics in Aquaculture (pp. 147-168), USA.

Tsironi, T., Koutinas, A., Mandala, I., & Stoforos, N. G. (2021). Current and new Green Deal solutions for sustainable food processing. Current Opinion in Environmental Science & Health, 21, 100244.

Turkoglu, M., Önal, U., & İsmen, A. (2018). Marine Ecology: Biotic and Abiotic Interactions. BoD–Books on Demand.

Vaksmaa, A., Guerrero-Cruz, S., Ghosh, P., Zeghal, E., Hernando-Morales, V., & Niemann, H. (2023). Role of fungi in bioremediation of emerging pollutants. Frontiers in Marine Science, 10, 1070905.

Wickson, F., Preston, C., Binimelis, R., Herrero, A., Hartley, S., Wynberg, R., & Wynne, B. (2017). Addressing socio-economic and ethical considerations in biotechnology governance: The potential of a new politics of care. Food Ethics, 1, 193-199.

Yadav, P., Rai, S. N., Mishra, V., & Singh, M. (2021). Mycoremediation of environmental pollutants: A review with special emphasis on mushrooms. Environmental Sustainability, 4, 605–618.

Yang, S., & Rothman, R. E. (2004). PCR-based diagnostics for infectious diseases: uses, limitations, and future applications in acute-care settings. The Lancet Infectious Diseases, 4(6), 337-348.

Zamora-Ledezma, C., Negrete-Bolagay, D., Figueroa, F., Zamora-Ledezma, E., Ni, M., Alexis, F., & Guerrero, V. H. (2021). Heavy metal water pollution: A fresh look about hazards, novel and conventional remediation methods. Environmental Technology & Innovation, 22, 101504.

Zulkifli, S. N., Rahim, H. A., & Lau, W.-J. (2018). Detection of contaminants in water supply: A review on state-of-the-art monitoring technologies and their applications. Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 255, 2657-2689.




How to Cite

Taysı, M. R., & KIRICI, M. (2024). Aquatic Biotechnology Sustainability and Innovative Solutions. Hydrobiological Research, 2(1), 12–20.